Sunday, June 8, 2014

USEFUL PHRASES IN PORTUGUESE: GREETINGS


Olá! Now that you already know about alphabet's pronunciation, it's time to learn the basics in greeting someone on Portuguese (greetings = cumprimentos) . If you don't know the Portuguese Alphabet yet, you can click this link: THE PORTUGUESE ALPHABET.

In the countries where Portuguese is spoken (like Portugal, Brazil and Angola), greetings are very important (muito importante).

So, let's start by watching the video bellow, it shows some basic greetings:

NOTES:
- The voice's accent in the video: São Paulo city (South East region of Brazil).
- "Oi" is more popular in Brazil and "Olá" is more popular in Portugal, although both are used in both countries.



Before continue, you can try to identify these greetings:

01. (Hi!)

02. (Hello!)

03. (My name is João.)

04. (How are you?)

05. (Nice to meet you - when meet a man)

06. (Nice to meet you - when meet a woman)

07. (Good morning!)

08. (Good afternoon!)

09. (Good evening! / Good night!)

10. (Bye!)

11. (See you soon!)




Now that you already know the basic greetings and their pronunciation, see some greetings and responses bellow. I will focus on introductions. So, next time you meet a Portuguese native speaker, you can impress them by greeting them and answering them back 😊.

NOTE:
- First row: formal / second row: less formal / third row: informal.

Introducing yourself Introducing others Responding to an introduction On Leaving
Bom dia! Como vai? Meu nome é João dos Santos.
[Good morning! How do you do? My name is João dos Santos.]

Eu gostaria de apresentar o meu colega, Paulo de Oliveira.
[I would like to introduce my team mate, Paulo de Oliveira.]

Muito prazer em conhecê-lo Senhor Paulo.
[Pleased to meet you Mr Paulo.]

Adeus! Foi um prazer encontrá-los, tenham um bom dia.
[Goodbye! It's a pleasure to have met you. Have a good day.]

Olá. Eu sou a Carla. Tudo bem?
[Hello, I'm Carla. How are you?]

Ronaldo, esta é a minha amiga Juliana. Juliana, este é meu amigo Ronaldo.
[Ronaldo, this is my friend Juliana. Juliana, this is my friend Ronaldo.]

Muito prazer Juliana.
[Nice to meet you Juliana.]

Tchau tchau. Prazer em conhecer.
[Bye bye. Nice to have met (you).]

Oi! Pedro, prazer.
[Hi! Pedro, nice (to meet you).]

Esta é a Carla.
[This is Carla.]

Oi! Prazer.
[Hi! Nice (to meet you).]

Tchau. Prazer
[Bye. (It was) nice (to meet you).]



CULTURAL NOTES:
  • When meeting someone formally or meeting someone informally for the first time, we shake hands (aperto de mão).
  • When meeting friends or mates, women use to kiss on cheek (beijinho) and men use to hug (abraço), if a woman meets a man they can kiss on cheek or hug.
  • When meeting close friends/old friends, we hug long and tight (abraço apertado).
  • In very informal situations, you can see these in the first meeting too:
  • - a man meets a man: quick hug, pusher hand shake;
    - a woman meet a woman: kiss on each cheek;
    - a woman meet a man: kiss on each cheek;


    Well, by now you have a good list of greetings. Don't forget to start practicing them anytime you have the opportunity. Even when you are in the basics, you can use cumprimentos with confidence so that you make a good first impression in your Portuguese class or when meeting a Portuguese native speaker huh 😊. Até logo!


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